Complete information about gourd cultivation. gourd farming –

gourd farming, talk about green vegetables and bottle gourd) it is not possible at all. Gourd is very beneficial for the human body. This Ghee and milk Also known as. Gourd Cultivationgourd farming It is done in almost all the states in India.

Let us tell you, Vitamin B, C, iron, magnesium, potassium and sodium are found in abundance in bottle gourd. It has many such properties, which act like medicine in some serious diseases. For Diabetes, Weight Loss, Digestion, Controlling Cholesterol & Natural Glow bottle gourd Very beneficial.

So come on The Rural India in this article of Gourd Cultivationgourd farming, Know in detail.

first of all gourd farming Let us know about the climate required for

Climate required for gourd cultivation

gourd farming (Farming of Lauki) It requires hot and humid climate. The optimum temperature is 30 to 35 °C for seed germination and 32 to 38 °C for plant growth. The plains of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana states of northern India have the highest production of bottle gourd.

Soil suitable for gourd cultivation

gourd crop for Sandy loam and clay soil rich in organic matter is best. Gourd cultivation is good where water holding capacity is high and pH is between 6.0 to 7.0. Do not cultivate it in fields where there is no drainage system.

right time for gourd cultivation

Gourd Cultivationlauki cultivation) The ideal time for sowing is January to March for Zaid (summer), mid-June to early July for Kharif (rainy) and September-October for Rabi.

How to prepare for cultivation for gourd

For the cultivation of bottle gourd, first of all plow the soil properly. For this, cultivation by scaffold method is the best. Sow the seeds at a distance of 1 m to 2 m to give enough space to the plants to spread.

Improved varieties of bottle gourd

Kashi Ganga

  • The growth of this variety of bottle gourd is medium.
  • This gourd is about 30 cm long and 6-7 cm wide.
  • Knots grow side by side on its stems.
  • The weight of gourd is about 800 to 900 grams.
  • The first harvesting is done after 50 days in summer and 55 days in rainy season.
  • Kashi Ganga variety gourd gives 44 tonnes per hectare yield.

Kashi Bahar

  • It is 30 to 32 cm long and 7-8 cm in diameter.
  • Its weight is 780 to 850 grams.
  • Its yield is 52 tonnes per hectare.
  • This variety of bottle gourd is suitable for both summer and rainy season. They can also be grown on the banks of rivers.

Pusa Naveen

  • Pusa Naveen is of cylindrical shape.
  • The weight of these gourds is 550 grams.
  • Its production capacity is 35 to 40 tonnes per hectare.

Arka Bahar

  • This gourd of light green color is of medium size and straight.
  • Its weight is up to one kilogram.

pusa message

  • The fruit of this variety is round.
  • The weight of these gourds is 600 grams.
  • This variety gets ready in 60 to 65 days in summer and 55 to 60 days in rainy season.
  • Its yield is 32 tonnes per hectare.

Pusa Komal

  • This variety of bottle gourd gets ready in 70 days. This variety is of long size.
  • Its yield is 450 to 500 quintals per hectare.

Narendra Rashmi

  • The weight of these gourds is 1 kg.
  • They are small and light green in colour.
  • The average yield of this variety is 30 tonnes per hectare.

Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

For summer crops, irrigation is required at an interval of 4-5 days whereas in case of no rain, irrigation should be done at an interval of 10-15 days.

First mix 200 to 250 quintals of cow dung manure in equal quantity in the field. Nitrogen, Potash are very beneficial for good yield. nitrogen Half the quantity of phosphorus and full quantity of potash should be given at the time of field preparation.

Cost and Earning in Gourd Cultivation

It costs about 15 to 20 thousand to cultivate gourd in one acre of land and about 70 to 90 quintals of gourd is produced on one acre of land. Due to which about 80 thousand to 1 lakh is earned.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question- In which month to cultivate gourd?

Answer- You can do gourd farming in all the three seasons, Kharif, Rabi and Zayed. The months of June-July, September-October and February-March are very suitable for gourd sowing.

Question- In how many days does gourd bear fruit?

Answer- Gourd starts bearing fruit in 50 to 60 days.

Question- In how many days the gourd nursery is ready?

Answer- Bottle gourd nursery gets ready in 10-15 days.

Question- Which fertilizer should be given in gourd?

Answer- Before cultivating gourd, while preparing for cultivation, 2-3 kg of cow dung manure should be given per plant. After this, urea, potash can be given as per requirement before flowering.

it was Bottle Gourd Farming The matter of but, The Rural India But you will also get many important information on issues like agriculture and mechanization, government schemes and rural development. blogs Will meet.

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