Cultivation of Brinjal | Baigan’s Farming –

Brinjal farming in hindi: Be it brinjal bharta, vegetable or pakora, it is very tasty to eat. Its demand is also very high in the market. Cultivation of Brinjal It is very beneficial for the farmers. Many nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, calcium, magnesium etc. are found in it. Brinjal is counted among the major vegetables of all seasons.

So come on The Rural India Learn in this article of- How to cultivate brinjal? (How to do cultivation of plantain)

Suitable climate and soil for cultivation of brinjal

in almost all regions of India Brinjal farming Is performed. For this temperate climate is most suitable. It can be cultivated in all types of soil. Sandy loam soil having carbonic content is best for good yield of brinjal. pH value of land for its cultivation 5.5 to 6.0 Must be between

Eggplant cultivation time

Sowing of brinjal for cold season should be done in July-August. Sowing of summer season brinjal should be done in the month of January-February. Whereas in the month of April, sowing of brinjal is done in the rainy season.

field preparation

For better yield of brinjal, 200 to 250 quintals per hectare of rotten cow dung manure should be used. About 21 to 25 days after planting the seeds, the plants are ready to be planted in the field. It is better to transplant plants in the evening. Give light irrigation after transplanting.

Fertilizer management for better yield of brinjal

  • Add 3 to 4 tons of rotten cow dung manure while preparing the field.

  • Divide 32 kg of nitrogen into 3 parts. Apply 10 kg Nitrogen per acre mixed with 20 kg Muriate of Potash and 120 kg Single Super Phosphate.

  • After 30 and 45 days, sprinkle the remaining nitrogen in the standing crop after weed control.

  • Apply neem cake @ 250 kg/acre at the time of last ploughing.

  • Spray 4 to 5 of Jeevamrit in the standing crop. And treat with organic fertilizer at the time of planting.

types of eggplant

There are many types of brinjal. There is a lot of variation in the plants and fruits of all types of eggplant. The color of brinjal ranges from purple to white, green and pink. They are round, oval, long and pear shaped.

Improved varieties of brinjal (varieties of brinjal)

golden power

It is a hybrid variety of brinjal. This variety of brinjal is considered best in terms of yield. The weight of an brinjal is about 150 to 200 grams and the color is purple. About 700 to 750 quintals of brinjal can be obtained from per hectare land.

golden talent

The brinjals of this species are large in size and long and bright purple in colour. About 600 to 650 quintals of brinjal can be obtained from per hectare land.

Swarna Shree

Its plants are 60 to 70 cm tall. Its leaves are broad. The brinjals of this species are oval and white in colour. About 550 to 600 quintals of brinjal is produced per hectare of land.

golden brunette

The brinjals grown in this type of plant are round and green in colour. There are white stripes on the top of the brinjal. Brinjal can be obtained from plants about 35 to 40 days after planting. About 600 to 650 quintals of brinjal can be obtained from per hectare land.

golden gem

Its leaves are purple in color and the length of the plants is about 70 to 80 cm. The weight of one brinjal is about 200 to 300 grams. About 600 to 650 quintals of brinjal is produced per hectare of land.

Some important things in brinjal farming

  • Keep brinjal crop free from weeds for 40-50 days after sowing.

  • Keep adding soil near the roots.

  • Irrigate in sufficient quantity at the time of flowering.

  • Use pesticides at the right time.

  • Do not cultivate brinjal at a temperature below 20 degree centigrade.

  • Make sure to get the soil tested before applying fertiliser.

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