Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat in Hindi: Village Panchayat centuries old in our country ‘self government’ It is the institutionalized and developed form of the system itself. today it Panchayati Raj Act in ‘village government’ It is said and it has to be answered face to face in the Gram Sabha. The Gram Panchayat also has to take the consent of the Gram Sabha for most of the works.
to put it simply ‘Gram Panchayat’ our Panchayati Raj is the most unique body of which the election of the members gram sabha carried out by the members of It is an institution of local self-government which is legislative in itself, executive as well as judiciary. Which under ‘self government’ ‘Gram Sabha’ have to work for.
Formation of Gram Panchayat
head of village panchayat sarpanch it happens. Apart from the sarpanch, ward panchs are elected from each ward. For the operation of Gram Panchayat Panchayat Secretary/Gram Sevak are appointed by the State Government.
The members of the Gram Panchayat are elected democratically by the people after every 5 years. At present, with the increase in the number of Panchayat members, the method of electing them has changed.
The number of Ward Panches is determined on the basis of the population of the village. At present, there is a provision for the formation of a ward for a population of about five hundred and a panchayat member (ward panch) is elected from these wards.
According to the rules of Panchayati Raj system Number of members of Gram Panchayat It depends on the population of that Gram Panchayat.
Ø On population up to 500 – 05 members/ward panch
Ø On population from 501 to 1000 – 07 members/ward panch
Ø On population from 1001 to 2000 – 09 members/ward panch
Ø On population from 2001 to 3000 – 11 members/ward panch
Ø On population from 3001 to 5000 – 13 members/ward panch
Ø On population of more than 5000-15 members/ward panch
After the election of the Sarpanch and its ward members, the Gram Panchayat is declared constituted by the State Election Commission.
Like this sarpanch, deputy sarpanch and all Ward Punches consisting of Village Panchayat Formation of Gram Panchayat takes place. Gram Panchayat Officer / Panchayat Secretary There is a secretary of the Gram Panchayat, who works to deliver the accounts and reports of all the works of the Gram Panchayat to the government.
Difference between gram sabha and gram panchayat
Work of Gram Panchayat
The work of Gram Panchayats is different from the work of Gram Sabha because the Panchayats are given financial assistance and many types of grants by the government for the development of the village. Under the Panchayati Raj Act-1992, 29 functions have been assigned to the Panchayats. Which is mentioned in Article 243 (g) of the Constitution.
Out of the 29 tasks assigned to the Panchayats, making the annual budget is a major task of the Gram Panchayat. The task of the Gram Sabha has been fixed to discuss and make recommendations on the annual budget.
Major functions of Gram Panchayat
Paving of village roads, their maintenance and provision of sewage drains
Provision of water for domestic use and drinking water for animals and maintenance of ponds.
Helping villagers to arrange irrigation facilities
Arranging public places for fairs, dangals, kabaddi, and markets in the village
Promoting animal husbandry business, arranging milk sales center and taking measures to protect animals from disease and spread of disease
Arrangement of lighting in the public places of the village such as village-choupal, street and other public places
cremation and cemetery maintenance
Establishment of public library in the village
To promote primary education and, if necessary, take necessary action for the establishment of higher level schools.
Arranging playground for children and youth and arranging sports related items
Building public toilets in the village and encouraging villagers to build toilets
record of births, deaths, marriages etc.
Seeking grants from the government for the betterment of the village and ways to help the poor
Helping in the smooth running of the Anganwadi Center
Leasing of Gram Panchayat land to the poor
Relationship between Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat
in panchayati raj system Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat have unbreakable ties. The members of the Gram Panchayat and the Sarpanch are elected by the members of the Gram Sabha only. In the Panchayat Raj system, where on one hand the Gram Sabha is in the role of monitoring, on the other hand the Gram Panchayat is in the role of the executive.
For the success of the Gram Panchayat, it is essential that the Panchayats work together with the Gram Sabha. It is also the responsibility of the villagers to actively participate in all the meetings of the Gram Sabha. Keep your points and issues in the meetings. Keep an eye on the works of the Gram Panchayat through the elected representative of the Panchayat and help in the implementation of the upcoming government schemes in the village and get them implemented properly.
The more active the monitoring committees of the Gram Sabha are in your village, the more and better the activities of the Gram Panchayat can be monitored and discussed in the Gram Sabha.
Therefore, the role of the elected members of the Gram Panchayat is also important to motivate maximum number of Gram Sabha members (voters) of their areas to participate in the Gram Sabha meeting.
Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat Both are the backbone of the development of the village. Gram Panchayats are basically the symbol of democratic form. Therefore, mutual coordination and cooperation between the two is essential.
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