How to cultivate Barseem? , Farming of Berseem –

Farming of Berseem: Green fodder is very important for animals. farmer barseem in green fodder, Chari,
Cultivate many crops like Jowar and Napier grass. in this Cultivation of Berseem Most do in our country.

So come on The Rural India in this article of Cultivation of Berseem (Farming of Berseem Know in detail.

here we are first importance of green fodder Let’s get to know

let’s know now Cultivation of Berseem (barsim cultivation) About this.

Barseem is the best crop for green fodder. It is very nutritious for animals. It also has better palatability as compared to other fodder crops. This is the reason why animals eat it with great fervor. It grows quickly and its cultivation also increases the fertilizer capacity of the soil. Therefore, by cultivating Barseem, farmers can earn more profit in less time.

Benefits of Berseem Fodder

Barseem fodder is very tasty and nutritious. in this 20-21 percent protein75-80 fiber percentage1-2 percent calcium and .28 The percentage of phosphorus found in,
Which is good for animals. That’s why on Barseem ,the king of fodder, it is said.

Climate suitable for berseem cultivation

It is cultivated during the Rabi season. Barseem is a plant of cold climate. for its cultivation 25 From 30 cm of rain is required.

for barseem 15-25 Centigrade average temperature is required. at sowing 20-30 Centigrade temperature is required.

Talking about the soil, Berseem can be cultivated in all types of soil. pH value of soil 7-8 Should be between Loamy soil with high water holding capacity is considered best for high production.

field preparation

For berseem, cultivate it only in well drained soil. Plow the field once or twice with a soil turning plow to make the soil soft. After this, by running three or four harrows, apply a layer in the field so that the field becomes flat.

It should be sown till the month of October. to sow berseem 1 in acres
8 From 10 Kg seed is required. Always buy seeds from government or authorized seller. Mustard and oats seeds can also be mixed in very small quantity in Berseem to get good yield. Before sowing the seeds, the seeds should be treated. By treating, the growth of berseem is good.

irrigation management

Barseem is a green fodder crop. Therefore, irrigation is also required properly.

  • If you are doing summer farming then 8 From 10 Irrigate at the interval of days.
  • in light soil 3 From 5 Irrigate at the interval of days.
  • in heavy soil 6 From 8 Irrigate at the interval of days.
  • in cold weather 10 From 12 Irrigate at the interval of days.

fertilizer management

Fertilizer requirement is less in Berseem. usually 25 kg nitrogen80 kg phosphorus and 20 At the time of sowing, mix potash in the field at the rate of per hectare and mix it well in the soil. Use compost or organic fertilizer for this, So the plant grows well.

Improved Varieties of Barseem

Always use improved varieties for green fodder because improved varieties give more yield than local varieties. Some varieties of berseem are as follows to get more and faster fodder.

boon (s-99-1)

This variety has been developed mainly for the northern states of the country. it 150 From 160
Fruits in the day. this way you 5-6 Green fodder can be taken after cutting several times. its yield potential 800 From 1000 quintal per hectare.


It can be successfully grown in all regions. Its plants are bushy and straight growing and its stems are soft. its yield potential 800 From 1000 quintal per hectare.

Pusa Joint

The specialty of this variety is that it produces four to five leaves from one place. Its flowers are of big size. This variety is able to tolerate more cold and frost.

other varieties

JB- 1, bl- 2, B A T- 678,
Tea- 724 warden, Tea- 674, 678, 730, 780, Pusa Gant, JB- 3, 4,
s- 99-1, Igfree- S- 99 -1,HFB 600, BL-1, 10, 22, 30, 42, 92, 180, type-526, 529, 560, 561, U P. B-103, 104, 105 and diploid and T- 560 etc. is important.

This is how to harvest berseem for fodder

Berseem crop is harvested multiple times. You can harvest it according to the availability of fodder for your animals. But the first harvest 45 From 50
Do it after a few days. After that 25 From 30 Keep harvesting it at the interval of days. crop harvesting from the ground level 5
From 7 Do this at a height of centimetres. in summer 35 From 40 Harvesting should be done at the interval of days.

Feed Barseem to animals like this

Feeding of excess berseem causes Afara disease in animals. Therefore feed mixed with dry fodder or feed dry fodder first and then Barseem.

See also-👇

If you like this information then also share it with other farmer friends.

read this also-

Leave a Comment