How to cultivate cauliflower | Cultivation of Phool Cabbage –

Cultivation of Cabbage: Cauliflower You must have eaten parathas and vegetables. This is a very tasty vegetable. Sufficient amount of mineral-salts, vitamin-B and protein are found in cauliflower.

Cauliflower is a low-cost, high-profit crop. Cauliflower is used as a vegetable, soup and pickle. Its demand remains in the market throughout the year.

so come on, this blog in farming of cauliflower (cultivation of cauliflower, Know in detail.

Necessary climate for cauliflower cultivation

Cauliflower It is a plant of cold climate. It is best to cultivate it in the Rabi season. Otherwise high temperature can harm the cultivation of cauliflower. For this, the temperature of 15 degree centigrade to 25 centigrade is most suitable. Excessive cultivation causes a lot of damage to the cabbage crop.

Soil suitable for cauliflower cultivation

cauliflower crop For this, fertile sandy, loamy soil is suitable. soil pH 7.0 Must be less than For this, you must get the soil tested. Always cultivate it in flat and well drained land.

Improved Varieties of Cauliflower (phool gobhi ki variety)

Cauliflower farming (phool gobhi ki kheti) three types of species are found in India depending on the season.

early, medium and late varieties

early species

Pusa Dipali, Early Kuwari, Early Patna, Pant Gobi 2, Pant Gobi 3, Pusa Kartik, Pusa Early Synthetic, Patna Ageti, Selexon 327 and Selexon 328.

Medium type species

Pant Shubhra, Improve Japanese, Hisar 114, S-1, Narendra Cabbage 1, Punjab Joint, Early Snowball, Pusa Hybrid 2, Pusa Aghani, and Patna Medium,

late species

Snowball 16, Pusa Snowball 1, Pusa Snowball 2, Pusa K1, Daniya, Snowking, Pusa Synthetic, Vishwa Bharati, Banarasi Magi, Joint Snowball

When to cultivate Cauliflower

You can do cauliflower farming from September to October after the rains. For early cultivation of cauliflower, prepare the nursery in September. For late cultivation, you can do till November.

Land preparation for cauliflower cultivation

  • Cauliflower is cultivated between September to October.
  • Plow the field well twice in the first week of September.
  • Scatter well the cow dung manure in the field and mix it in the soil.
  • After doing 2-3 ploughings with local plow or cultivator, make the field flat and friable by leveling the field.
  • After this, make a pond in the field at a distance of 50 cm.
  • Make sure to make proper arrangements for drainage of water in the field.

Cauliflower Seeds Sowing and Nursery

We can sow in two ways to get cauliflower crop.

1. Direct sowing of seeds

2. By preparing saplings in the nursery

Let us tell you, 450 grams to 500 grams of seed is sufficient for per hectare. Before sowing the seeds should be treated with 2 to 3 grams of Captan or Brassical per kilogram of seed. Along with this, 160 to 175 ml mixed in 2.5 liters of water should be used for nursery soil treatment per square meter.

When and how to plant cauliflower?

  • Cultivate cauliflower according to the climate.
  • For early cultivation of cauliflower, sow till July-August.
  • For medium and late cabbage, sowing can be done till October-November.
  • Transplant the seedlings at a distance of 45-50 cm.
  • Keep row to row distance of 45-50 cm.
  • Transplanting of plants is right in the evening.
  • Give light irrigation after planting.

Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

Light irrigation should be done immediately after planting. After this irrigation should be continued at an interval of 10 to 15 days as per requirement.

In comparison to the early crop of cauliflower, the late crop requires more manure and fertilizers. Make sure to use urea at the time of plant growth. You can use organic manure for organic farming of cauliflower. But while preparing the field, definitely add cow dung or compost.

weed control in cauliflower

For any disease and pest management, take the advice of an agricultural expert. For weed control, do 2 to 3 weeding. Before transplanting, apply Vasalin 48 EC at the rate of 1.5 kg per hectare.

When to Harvest Cauliflower

  • Cauliflower should be harvested when the florets appear firm and of appropriate size.
  • Cauliflower should be cut from the bottom. So that the flower can be protected during transportation.
  • While cutting, keep in mind that the flower should not be scratched or rubbed.
  • The sale should be arranged soon after cutting.
  • Flowers should always be harvested in the morning or evening.

farming of cauliflower Cost and Earnings in

Cauliflower farming with advanced technology yields 150 to 250 quintals per hectare. Its yield is 300 to 400 quintals per hectare.

In short, if the farmer Cultivation of Cauliflower in advanced way If compared to other vegetables, farming of cauliflower (cabbage farming) There can be more profits.

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