How to cultivate cumin? Learn here Cumin cultivation in hindi –

Cultivation of Cumin: To add flavor or to enhance the taste of vegetables, cumin Works everywhere. Cumin is most in demand in torches. cumin many in medicinal properties There are Cumin is no less than a panacea for many stomach problems. Many minerals like iron, copper, calcium, potassium, manganese, zinc, magnesium are found in cumin. Not only this, the farmers get more profit from the cultivation of cumin. Cultivation of CuminCultivation of cumin With this, farmers can earn more profit with less cost.

So come on ‘The Rural India’ Learn in this blog of- How to cultivate cumin? (Farming of cumin in Hindi)

here you will know

  • Climate required for cumin

  • soil useful for cumin cultivation

  • right time for cumin cultivation

  • How to prepare the field?

  • improved varieties of cumin

  • Pests and diseases of cumin crop

  • Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

  • harvest and yield

  • Cost and earning of cumin cultivation

so first things first Cumin crop (jeera ki phasal) Let us know about the climate required for

Climate Required for Cumin

Cumin is a cold climate crop. It is cultivated in the Rabi season. For this, the maximum temperature should not be less than 30 degree centigrade and minimum 10 degree centigrade.

About 80 percent cumin production in our country is highest in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

soil useful for cumin cultivation

Sandy loamy and loamy soil is considered best for cumin. Apart from this, cumin cultivation is also done in fertile black and yellow soil. If there is water logging in the field, do not plant cumin crop there. For this, it is necessary to have a completely flat ground.

Cultivation Preparation and Timing

As we told you above, cumin is a cold climate crop. It is cultivated during the cold days. Cumin is sown in the month of October-November. Whereas by February-March it gets ready after ripening.

Before sowing cumin seeds, it is necessary to plow the field well and make it level and well pulverized. Clean the field in which cumin is to be sown by removing the hoe and hoe from that field. After adding cow dung and vermicompost in the field, plow the field with a harrow. After that plow that field with rotavator and make the field flat.

Improved varieties of cumin and its characteristics

R Z-19

This variety of cumin gets ready after ripening in 120-125 days. Its production is 9-11 quintals per hectare. In this variety, uprooting, scab and scorching diseases are less.

RZ- 209

This variety also gets ready after ripening in 120-125 days. Its grains are thick. This variety gives a yield of 7-8 quintals per hectare.

G C- 4

This variety of cumin gets ready after ripening in 105-110 days. Its seeds are of large size. From this, production up to 7-9 quintals can be obtained.

RZ- 223

This variety gets ready in 110-115 days. Its production is 6-8 quintals per hectare. In this, the amount of oil in the seed is 3.25 percent.

czc 94

The biggest feature of this variety is that it gets ready within 100 days. Due to early preparation, diseases and pests are also less in it. This variety flowers within 40 days. Its production is 7-8 quintals per hectare.

Seed quantity and seed treatment

About 4-5 kg ​​of seeds are required for one hectare crop of cumin. Before sowing of cumin, treat the seeds by mixing Carbendizum 50% WP at 2 gm per kg or Carboxin 37.5% + Thiram 37.5% WP at 2 gm per kg of seed.

Pests and diseases of cumin crop

Powdery mildew, blight, and blight are the major diseases affecting cumin crop. For the treatment of these diseases, first of all you Krishi Vigyan Kendra Or use the medicine only after contacting the subject experts.

Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

Give light irrigation to cumin crop immediately after sowing. After this irrigate after 6-7 days. After this irrigate according to the moisture content of the field. in cumin crop fountain method Irrigation from it gives more benefits.

cumin crop Mix well 5-6 tons of farm yard manure in 1 acre of field before field preparation. Use 50 kg urea per hectare after first irrigation in the crop.

Harvesting and Marketing

When the cumin crop is ripe and dry, then it should be harvested. Keep in mind that the cumin seeds should be harvested before they fall in the field. Dry it thoroughly in the threshing floor.

There is never a shortage of cumin in the market. The market price of cumin is more available in the national market than in the local market. For this you can go to the market of other states. e-name Can also sell through If farmers sell cumin packing by themselves, then they can get more profit.

talk The average yield of cumin is 7-8 quintals per hectare. About 30 to 35 thousand rupees per hectare is spent in cumin cultivation. If we consider the cost of cumin as Rs 200 per kg, then we get a net profit of Rs 1-1.5 lakh per hectare.

It was Cultivation of cumin The matter of but, The Rural India But you will also get many important information on issues like agriculture and mechanization, government schemes and rural development. blogs Will meet, by reading which you can increase your knowledge.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Question- How much is cumin in one bigha?

Answer- 1 to 2 quintals of cumin is produced in one bigha. However, this production depends on the variety of cumin as well as irrigation and fertilizer management.

Question- In how many days does the cumin crop get ready?

Answer- Cumin crop gets ready in 100 to 120 days.

Question- In which month cumin is planted?

Answer- Cumin is a rabi crop. It is sown in the month of October-November.

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