Cultivation of linseed: in oilseed crops Linseed It is an important crop. It is counted in fiber crops. It is known by different names at different places. At some places it is also called Tisi. Its fiber is used to make thick cloth, rope, etc. flax seeds The oil extracted from it is used in the preparation of varnishes, paints, soaps, dyes, etc.
Linseed Many medicinal properties are found in the plants of According to Ayurveda, linseed has been considered to be a forceful, bile killer, heavy to digest, nutritious, warm, eliminating back pain and swelling. It provides benefits in diseases like heart disease, cholesterol, arthritis, skin etc. Many nutrients are found in carbohydrates, fiber, fat, protein, vitamin B, vitamin C, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, etc.
A Look at Linseed Farming
India ranks first in the production of linseed in the world.
China, Russia, Poland, Netherlands, France, Belgium are the major producing countries of linseed.
In India, it is mainly cultivated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka.
The amount of oil found in linseed seeds ranges from 33 to 47 percent.
Both the plant and the seed of linseed are used. Cultivation of linseed (alsi ki kheti) can prove to be a profitable deal for the farmers.
So come on The Rural India Learn in this article of- How to cultivate linseed? (How to do linseed cultivation)
Suitable climate and soil for linseed cultivation
Linseed is grown in the Rabi season. It requires a temperate climate. Seeds require a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees for germination. Bully loam soil is best for this. The soil pH should be between 6.5 to 7.5 for its cultivation. It should not be cultivated in waterlogged land.
Suitable time for sowing of Linseed
October to first week of November is the best time for its sowing.
linseed field preparation
Before cultivating linseed (Teesi ki kheti), clean the paddy straw or any weed. After the first ploughing, apply cow dung or vermicompost at the rate of 5 quintals per acre.
plant to plant distance
Linseed should be sown in beds.
Keep a distance of 20 to 25 cm between all the beds.
There should be a distance of 5 to 7 cm between plants to plants.
Sow the seeds at a depth of about 2 to 3 cm.
amount of seed
12 kg of seed is required for cultivation per acre of field.
seed treatment method
Before sowing, treat the seed with Thiram 2.5 gm.
Apart from this, per kg seed can also be treated with 2 gm Carbendazim.
By treating the seeds, plants can be saved from blight disease, wilt disease, etc.
Irrigation and Fertilizer Management
Flaxseed cultivation does not require a lot of water. Give light irrigation after 10-15 days of its sowing. Give second irrigation at the time of flowering and third irrigation at the time of seed ripening. Apply fertilizers after consulting an agricultural expert.
Benefits of eating flaxseed
Flaxseed acts as an energy booster.
Helps in reducing high cholesterol.
It is very helpful in reducing weight.
Linseed works like a panacea for skin and hair.
Mixing it with milk and eating it gives good sleep.
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