Farming of Sarpagandha: Sarpagandha is a plant full of medicinal properties. It is a perennial crop. From this, medicines are prepared to get rid of diseases like insomnia, mania, mental stress, high blood pressure, stomach worm, hysteria etc. Due to increasing demand of Ayurvedic and herbal medicines these days Sarpagandha There has also been an increase in the demand for
if you too cultivation of medicinal plants want to do So Cultivation of Sarpagandha (Farming of Sarpagandha) Better option than traditional farming. You can get good income by cultivating it.
Suitable soil and climate for Sarpagandha cultivation
Sarpagandha Hot and more humid climate is suitable for good yield. It can be successfully cultivated in about 10 to 38 degree centigrade temperature. It is also cultivated in sandy loam soil, loamy soil and heavy soil. For this, there should be sufficient organic matter in the soil. Soil pH Value 8.5 Should not be more than
Suitable time for Sarpagandha cultivation
Cultivation of Sarpagandha Hot and humid climate is suitable for. If it is to be cultivated through seeds, then the nursery is prepared before transplanting the plants in the main field. The month of May-June is suitable for raising the nursery. The seedlings prepared in the nursery should be transplanted in August.
field preparation method
To prepare the field, do one deep plowing first. After deep ploughing, add 4 -5 tonnes of well decomposed cow dung manure per acre of land. After this, do light plowing in the field 2 to 3 times and apply pata. After this prepare the beds in the field. This makes it easy to control irrigation and weeds. Keep a distance of 60 cm between all the beds. At the time of transplanting the plants in the main field, keep a distance of 30 cm between all the plants.
Quantity of seed and method of seed treatment
3.2 to 4 kg of seed is required for cultivation per acre of land. Before sowing, treat seed with Thiram @ 2 gm per kg.
Plant preparation method
Sarpagandha The length of plants varies from 30 to 75 cm. Its leaves are 10 to 15 cm long and bright green in colour.
Sarpagandha is cultivated by seed, root and cuttings.
For cultivation by this method, plants are prepared by sowing seeds in the nursery. Keep the seeds in water for about 24 hours before sowing. This makes it easier for the seeds to germinate. Transplanting of plants can be done in the main field about 6 weeks after sowing. Transplant it when the height of the plants is about 10 to 12 cm.
A pen can be made from both the roots and stems of plants. To prepare cuttings from stem, cut the stems at a length of 15 to 20 cm. It is necessary to have 2 to 3 knots in each stem. Transplant this cutting first in the nursery. Roots start forming in about 4 to 6 weeks. After the formation of roots, carefully transplant the plants in the main field.
To prepare cuttings from root, cut the roots into a length of 2.5 to 5 cm. After this transplant the roots in the nursery. In about 3 weeks the buds start to emerge. Transplant the plants in the main field after the emergence of buds.
irrigation and weed control
Sarpagandha plants do not require much irrigation. Irrigate at an interval of 20 to 25 days in summer season. Irrigate as per requirement in cold weather. Irrigation is not required when it rains. Do not let the soil lack moisture. Due to lack of moisture, the yield also decreases. It is very important to control weeds for healthy plant and high yield. Do first weeding 15 to 20 days after transplanting the plants. After this keep on doing weeding with the help of spade as per the requirement.
Disease and its diagnosis in Sarpagandha cultivation
Cultivation of Sarpagandha Outbreaks of weeds and diseases cause major losses. The outbreak of weeds is seen more in the early stages of the crop. It spreads completely in the field and covers the crop completely, due to which the plants die at a young stage. It is necessary to control weeds and diseases for better crop yield and more profit.
Weed control in Sarpagandha cultivation
Weeding should be done within 15 to 20 days after transplanting the plants. In the initial stage of flowering, the roots are not able to develop. So cut them from the roots. Weeding the field 2 to 3 times in the rainy season. In other seasons, do weeding as required.
Control of some major diseases in Sarpagandha
leaf spot disease
This disease causes brown spots on the upper and lower surface of the leaves. The leaves first turn yellow and then dry up and fall. To prevent this, spray Dithane M-45 mixed with 400 grams in 150 liters of water.
This disease is caused by Maloidogyne incognita and Maloidogyne hapla. Due to this disease, the roots start rotting and there is a decrease in the growth of plants and leaves. To control this, apply 3 g Carbofuron @ 10 kg or 10 g Phorate granules @ 5 kg per acre.
dark brown spots
Due to this disease brown spots appear on the leaves. To prevent this, spray 30 grams of Blitox mixed with 10 liters of water per acre of field.
crop harvesting and yield
The crop is ready for digging after 2 to 3 years of planting the plants. It should be excavated in the winter season. Generally the crop is dug in the month of December. At this time the leaves are also less in the plants. Its roots are very deep, so dig carefully. About 7 to 8 quintals of dry roots can be obtained from per acre of land.
Cultivation of Sarpagandha From this, up to 30 kg of seed can be obtained per acre, which is easily sold in the market at a price of about 3 thousand to 4 thousand per kg. Due to the good price of Sarpagandha in the market and its use in many types of medicines, its cultivation is proving beneficial for the farmers.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Question- Where to get Sarpagandha plant?
Answer- You can easily find Sarpagandha plant at any government or private nursery, agricultural university and agricultural science centers.
Question- What happens by planting Sarpagandha plant?
Answer- By planting Sarpagandha plant, snake does not enter the house. Sarpagandha is used as an antidote for the treatment of snakebite and insect bites.
Question- What is the clan of Sarpagandha?
Answer- Sarpagandha is a plant of Apocynaceae family.
Question- What is the scientific name of Sarpagandha?
Answer- The scientific name of Sarpagandha is Savolfia serpentina.
Question- What is found in Sarpagandha?
Answer- Serotonin is found in Sarpagandha which gives relief from constipation, indigestion, indigestion and stomach worms. Apart from this, the problem of insomnia goes away by its use.
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