How to cultivate turmeric | cultivation of turmeric – mssewb.org

Cultivation of Turmeric: Turmeric is a very big part of our daily diet. Turmeric, used in almost all types of food in India, is known for its medicinal properties since ancient times. Due to the properties of turmeric and the constant demand in the market Turmeric Farming Has always been profitable. Turmeric Farming Production can be obtained from about 100 to 150 quintals per acre.

So come on The Rural India Learn in this article of- Turmeric Farming Complete information of

So let’s first take a look at the medicinal properties of turmeric.

medicinal properties of turmeric

  • Turmeric is used as an antiseptic. This prevents the spread of infection in the wound.

  • Its cardio protective property keeps the heart safe.

  • Cancer prevention properties are found in it.

  • It is also known to protect the kidney and liver from many dangers.

Climate and soil suitable for turmeric cultivation

India all over the world Turmeric It is the largest producer and consumer of. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Odisha, Gujarat, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Meghalaya and Assam Turmeric farming It happens a lot.

Turmeric is a crop cultivated in a tropical climate. Hot and humid areas with good rainfall are suitable for its production.

Turmeric Farming Can be done in all types of soil. Loamy, alluvial and laterite soils with high organic matter are considered best for its cultivation. Soil pH The value should be between 5 to 7.5.

Farmers should keep in mind that there should be no water logging in the fields. Sowing of turmeric in the month of April to July gives a good crop.

Seed quantity and seed treatment

  • In college Turmeric farming To do this, seed is required at the rate of 8 to 10 quintals per acre.

  • In mixed cropping, 4 to 6 quintals of seed per acre is sufficient.

  • For sowing, select tubers of 7 to 8 cm length. There should be at least two eyes on the tuber.

  • Prepare a solution by adding 2.5 grams Thiram or Mancozeb per liter of water. Soak the tubers in this solution for 30 to 35 minutes.

  • After seed treatment, dry the tuber in the shade and sow it.

Method of sowing turmeric

  • To prepare the field, plow 2 times with soil turning plow and 3 to 4 times with country plow or cultivator.

  • Turmeric can be sown in both flat fields and ridges.

  • Keep the distance between all the rows 30 cm.

  • Keep the distance between tubers to 20 cm.

  • Sow the tubers at a depth of 5 to 6 cm.

Weeding in turmeric crop

  • Turmeric crop (haldi ki phasal) Weeding is required 3 times.

  • Do the first weeding in turmeric at an interval of 35 to 40 days.

  • Second weeding should be done after 60 to 70 days.

  • Do third weeding after 90 to 100 days.

  • Make sure to apply soil to the roots at the time of weeding.

Irrigation Management in Turmeric Crop

  • Turmeric crop requires light irrigation.

  • Irrigate at an interval of 7 days in summer season.

  • Irrigate at an interval of 15 days in cold weather.

  • Irrigate only when needed during the rainy season.

  • Keep a drainage system in the field.

Major Varieties of Turmeric

  • Alleppey Turmeric: This variety is one of the most cultivated turmeric varieties in South Indian regions. About 5 percent of curcumin is found in this type of knots. Many types of medicines are prepared from this type of turmeric.

  • Madras Turmeric: Madras turmeric is mainly cultivated in South Indian regions. The color of its tubers is light yellow. About 3.5 percent of curcumin is found in this variety.

  • Erode Turmeric: This variety got GI tag in the year 2019 after a long effort of 8 years. The bales of Erode turmeric are bright yellow in colour. Curcumin content of 2 to 4 percent is found in this variety.

  • Sangli Turmeric: It is a GI tagged turmeric variety. This variety is cultivated on a large scale in Maharashtra. Sangli turmeric accounts for about 70 percent of the total production of turmeric in Maharashtra. Many types of medicinal properties are found in this variety.

Fertilizer Management in Turmeric Crop

Balanced use of fertilizers is very important to get high quality crop. For better crop of turmeric, you can add 8 to 10 tonnes of well decomposed cow dung per acre of land. Dung manure should be mixed in the field before plowing the field. You can also use compost manure instead of cow dung.

40 to 48 kg of nitrogen should be sprayed per acre of land. At the time of last plowing of the field, apply 40 to 48 kg of Nitrogen mixed with half the quantity. Divide the remaining nitrogen (about 20 to 24 kg) in two parts. Out of this, apply 10 to 12 kg of Nitrogen in the field after 40 to 60 days of sowing.

After 80 to 100 days of sowing, mix the second part of Nitrogen in the field and apply it to the soil. About 24 to 32 kg of Phosphor and 32 to 40 kg of Potash are also required per acre of field. Potash is very important for turmeric cultivation. Its use increases the quality and yield of turmeric.

Weed control and irrigation management in turmeric crop

Weeds can reduce the yield and quality of any crop. The weed also causes a lot of damage to the turmeric crop. To control weeds, you can increase the yield of turmeric by adopting the measures given in this post.

weed control

  • Weeds can be controlled by weeding in turmeric crop. Generally weeding should be done 3 to 4 times.

  • Do first weeding about 30 days after sowing. About 60 days after sowing, second and third weeding after 90 days is necessary.

  • Spread mulch in the field. This controls the weed to a great extent.

  • By spraying about 600 grams of fluchloralin per acre of land, we can get complete control of broad leaf weeds.

irrigation management

  • A total of 15 to 25 irrigations are required in turmeric crop.

  • The irrigation of turmeric crop depends on the soil and climate of the field. Irrigation is less required in clay loam or clay soil.

  • If needed during the rainy season, irrigation can be done at an interval of about 10 to 20 days.

  • Do not let the soil lack moisture. Irrigate at 7 days interval in summer season and 15 days interval in winter season.

Turmeric pests and its diagnosis

  • Tuber fly : These flies destroy turmeric by eating it at the time of its development. They can be got rid of by using 10 kg Forte 10 g granules per hectare.

  • stem borer : This pest causes maximum damage to turmeric crop. It can be controlled by spraying 0.05% dimethoate or phosphomidan.

  • Baruth: Such insects spoil the crop by destroying the leaves. These can be controlled by spraying 2 ml dimethoate or methyl demeton in one liter of water. To control this, spraying of 0.1 percent Melithion should be done at an interval of 21 days.

Turmeric diseases and its diagnosis

  • Tuber Rot : When this disease occurs, spots appear on the upper parts of the plants and after a few days the plants dry up. To avoid this disease, Bordeaux mixture or Dithane M-45 should be applied by digging the affected areas.

  • Leaf spot disease : In this disease spots appear on the leaves. The occurrence of this disease greatly affects the yield of turmeric. To avoid this disease, Dithane M-45 solution should be sprayed 2-3 times at an interval of 15 days.

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