How to do betel cultivation? Learn here betel leaf farming –

Farming of Pan: in India betel leaf People like to eat as a hobby. There is more demand for paan in worship, festivals, ceremonies etc. In India, it is cultivated in different ways in different regions. For example, in the south and northeast regions where there is more rain and humidity, Betel cultivation A lot is done. In North India, where there is severe heat and severe winter, betel cultivation is done as a protected cultivation. Betel cultivation earns more than other crops.

If you want to do modern farming instead of traditional farming, then Betel cultivation is the best option for you. By cultivating it, you can earn more profit in less cost.

A look at betel cultivation

  • Most betel leaves are grown in India in the world.

  • In India, the maximum betel cultivation is done in West Bengal.

  • West Bengal accounts for 30 percent of the world’s production.

  • Betel cultivation in Kerala is sandwiched between arecanut and coconut cultivation.

  • More than 100 varieties of betel are grown in the world.

So come on The Rural India in this blog of How to do betel cultivation?Know the full details.

Climate suitable for betel cultivation

betel cultivation Requires 15 to 40 centigrade temperature. Talking about humidity, 40 to 80 percent humidity is necessary. The time of November-December and January-February is very favorable for its sowing. Annual rainfall ranging from 200 to 450 cm is considered best for water cultivation.

soil for betel cultivation

Betel cultivation Well drained fertile soil is best. Waterlogged, saline or alkaline soil is not suitable for its cultivation.

Do betel cultivation like this

  • First of all plow the field well.

  • After this, level the field by mixing cow dung manure.

  • Betel cultivation requires a cool and shady place.

  • It is a cylindrical plant, so bamboo canapes are made for it.

  • 2 meter wide beds are made for betel cultivation.

  • Two seed beds 0.5 m wide and 0.5 m deep are made to drain the water.

  • Bamboo pinches are planted in the beds or large shrub plants are planted, so that the betel vine can be supported.

  • By cultivating betel in this way, farmers can take production for years.

Improved varieties of betel

sweet betel

  • This paan is very sweet and delicious in taste.

  • In each of its vine, 60 to 80 leaves come out.

  • After grafting, the crop is ready for harvesting within 8 months.

  • Foliage can be harvested from the vine after every 3 months.

  • 2 beeda paan can be made from one leaf.

  • Sweet betel cultivation is mainly done in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.

bangla paan

  • The leaves of this variety are broad and dark green.

  • The leaves are ready for harvesting in 200 to 210 days after grafting.

  • The length of the leaf is 5 to 6 cm and the width is 4.5 to 5 cm.

  • 60 to 70 leaves are obtained from each vine.

  • Bangla betel is mainly cultivated in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Assam and Andhra Pradesh.

Banarasi paan

  • The leaves of this variety are long and bright green. 60 to 80 leaves can be obtained from each vine.

  • Its leaves can be harvested after 25 to 28 days.

  • The length of the leaf is 8 to 9 cm and the width is 5 to 6 cm.

  • Banarasi betel cultivation is mainly done in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

magahi paan

  • The leaves of this variety are medium long and light green.

  • Leaves can be harvested at a period of 180 to 210 days from the vine.

  • The length of the leaf is 7 to 9 cm and the width is about 5 to 6 cm.

  • The variety is moderately resistant to Phytophthora disease.

  • Magahi paan is mainly cultivated in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.

Region-wise advanced varieties of betel

  • Andhra Pradesh – Karapakku, Chenor, Tailaku, Bangla and Kalli Patti

  • Assam – Assam Patti, Avani Paan, Bangla and Khasi Paan

  • Bihar- Desi Paan Calcutta, Patan, Maghai and Bangla

  • Karnataka- Kariyale, Mysore and Ambadial

  • Odisha – Godi Bangla, Nova Cuttack, Sanchi and Birkoli

  • Madhya Pradesh – Desi Bangla, Calcutta and Deswari

  • Maharashtra – Kali Patti, Kapoori and Bangla

  • West Bengal – Bangla, Sanchi, Meetha Kali Bangla and Simurali Bangla

Cost and earning in betel cultivation

The demand for paan is not only in India but also in foreign countries. It is also well-liked in dozens of countries around the world including Dubai, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Apart from the local level, you can sell betel leaves to big cities. If precautions are taken in betel cultivation, then by cultivating 1 acre you can earn a net profit of up to Rs.4-5 lakhs per year.

Farmer brothers! It was How to do betel cultivation (pan ki kheti kaise karen), talk of,

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