Cultivation of betel nut: India ranks first in the production of betel nut in the world. According to statistics, in about 925 thousand hectares in the whole world Areca nut farming Out of which 50 percent production is in India alone.
tell you, Betel nut The trees are 50 to 60 feet tall like coconuts, which start bearing fruits in about 5-6 years. Betel It is used as paan, gutkha masala. Along with this, according to Hindu beliefs, betel nut is also used in religious works.
Betel nut Many medicinal properties are found in it, which prove helpful in the prevention and treatment of many diseases. Due to high demand and due to its properties Areca nut farming It is very beneficial for the farmers.
So come on The Rural India in this article of Farming of betel nut Know the complete details of
Climate and soil for arecanut cultivation
in India betel nut cultivation It is done in the coastal areas. In India, it is abundant in Assam, West Bengal, Kerala and Karnataka. The hot climate is very suitable for its cultivation. For this, the temperature of 25 to 35 degree centigrade is considered very good.
Areca nut farming Can be done in many types of soil. But red soil rich in organic matter, smooth loamy soil is beneficial for betel nut cultivation. Soil pH The value should be between 7 and 8.
Suitable time for betel nut cultivation
In summer the plants should be planted between May to July.
The best time for sowing in winter is from September to October.
Plow the field well after cleaning the field.
After this, apply water to the field and leave it to dry.
Plow the field thoroughly with the help of rotavator when the water dries up.
Level the field by leveling it.
Prepare pits of 90 cm length, 90 cm width and 90 cm depth for transplanting the plants.
Keep the distance between the pits from 2.5 to 3 meters.
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