Chilli cultivation: Green chili It is used as a food item all over the world. It is produced all over the world. Its demand in the market remains throughout the year. The taste of chili is very pungent. It is used in making pickles, spices, vegetables, medicines and sauces.
Let me tell you, the pungency in chili capsaicin It is caused by an element called green Chilli farming With this, farmer brothers can earn more profit in less cost.
Chili It is used in making many types of medicines. Many pharmaceutical ingredients are found in capsaicin. Especially anti-carcinogenic and pain-relieving ingredients. Apart from this, many types of salts including vitamin A, vitamin C, phosphorus and calcium are found in it. It also helps to thin the blood and cure heart diseases.
so come on, this blog in How to cultivate green chillies (Chili farming), Learn.
A Look at Chilli Cultivation in India
in India Green chilly The main producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan. By the way, historically, green chili crop was first produced in the world in the Latin American countries of Mexico and Guatemala. In India, green chillies were brought to Goa by the Portuguese in the 17th century and thereafter its cultivation spread rapidly across the country.
Climate required for chilli cultivation
Chilli Cultivation for hot and humid climate remains most suitable. Although it can be cultivated in all types of climate, but both extreme cold and extreme heat are harmful for the green chilli crop. Although its plant can be grown in areas with about 100 cm of rainfall. Other than this green chilli crop But the outbreak of frost is more. Therefore it should be avoided to grow in cold and snowy areas.
Soil Required for Chilli Cultivation
Green Chilli Cultivation Can be done in almost all types of soil. For good yield, light fertile and well drained soil having moisture is favorable for its cultivation. The pH of the soil is favorable in the average of 6-7 for good yield of chilli. Apart from this, organic loamy or sandy soil is suitable for chilli cultivation, in which the amount of organic matter is high.
right time to cultivate green chillies
Green chilli cultivation can be grown 3 times in a year. Although the farmers of the country mostly give importance to Kharib crop and the area under cultivation in this season is also considerable.
June-July is the right time to take the rainy season crop for green chilli cultivation.
To get second crop, sowing should be done in September-October.
On the other hand, for the summer season crop, sowing should be done in February-March.
How to prepare for the cultivation of green chillies
To prepare the chilli field, first plow the field two to three times and after plowing the land about five to six times, make it level by turning it. Keep in mind that while plowing, well cooked manure of cow dung should be mixed in about 300 to 400 quintals of soil. After this, make beds of the right size and then sow the seeds.
Improved Varieties of Green Chilli
Although varieties of chillies are cultivated in different regions of the country according to the climate there, so if possible, farmers should sow only the varieties of chillies prevalent in their area. By the way, according to the weather, it is better if you do farming with the help of hybrid advanced variety.
High yielding improved varieties of chilli and their characteristics
This variety of chilli starts bearing fruits after 50 to 55 days. Its fruits are dark green and 10 cm long. This variety gives 30 to 35 tonnes of green chillies and 5 to 6 tonnes of dry red chillies per hectare. Let us tell you, this variety is resistant to churnil and virus.
This variety of chilli is ready for first picking after 50 to 55 days. This variety is 12 to 13 cm tall. This gives 30 to 40 tonnes of green chillies and 4 to 5 tonnes of dry chillies per hectare.
Harvesting of this variety also starts after 50 to 55 days. Its fruits are 10 to 12 cm long. From this, 20 to 25 tonnes of green chillies and 3-4 tonnes of dry chillies are available.
This variety of chilli is ready for first picking after 60 days. Its fruits are 6 to 8 cm long. There are 12 to 14 fruits in its bunch. This gives 40 to 45 tonnes of green chillies and 6 to 8 tonnes of dry chillies per hectare.
The following varieties of green chillies are also considered advanced.
Capsicum- Pusa Deepti, Arka Mohini, Arka Gaurav, Arka Basant. Pickle chili – Sindhur. For Capsaicin production – Aparna, fifty yellow. Apart from this, Kashi Anmol, Kashi Vishwanath, Jawahar Mirch-283, Jawahar Mirch-218, Arka Sufal. Select the hybrid variety Kashi Early, Kashi Surkh or Kashi Harita. By the way, these days HPH-1900, 2680, Ujala and US-611, 720 hybrid varieties of public sector
Irrigation and Fertilizer Management for Green Chilli Cultivation
Green chilli crop cannot be grown in excess water. Therefore, apply irrigation only as per requirement. Due to excessive watering, the plant parts grow long and thin and flowers start falling. However, the quantity and spacing of irrigation depends on the soil and weather conditions. If the plant is wilting around 4 pm, it indicates that the plant needs irrigation. Irrigation is very important at the time of flowering and fruit formation. Never let water stagnate in the field or nursery. Due to this, there is a danger of causing fungus in the crop.
Cost and Earning in Green Chilli Cultivation
Green Chilli Cultivation It is performed in different states of India and in hilly and plain areas. By the way, green chili is mainly cultivated as a cash crop. If the farmer grows advanced varieties of chilli according to the climate zone and takes proper measures to protect the crop, he can earn twice as much as the cost.
Green chilly On an average, the cost of cultivation of one acre comes to 35-40 thousand rupees. In this, its average yield goes up to 60 quintals. Even if it is sold in the market at the rate of Rs. 20 per kg, the farmer will get about one lakh 20 thousand rupees at the cost of Rs. 35-40 thousand. This is more than double the cost of the crop.
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