How to do litchi cultivation? Learn here litchi cultivation in hindi –

Cultivation of litchi: Litchi (Lychee) in production India It is second only to China. In our country about 92 thousand hectares litchi cultivation it occurs. 40 percent of the entire country Litchi farming Happens in Bihar. Farmers get a lot of profit from its cultivation.

if you also gardening If you are fond of doing Litchi Horticulture Must do.

So come on Complete information about litchi farming Learn in easy language.

Climate and soil for litchi cultivation

Litchi farming The climate of North India is very suitable for Especially in the state of Bihar, it is cultivated in large quantities. In India, apart from Bihar, litchi is cultivated in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Assam, Tripura and West Bengal. Litchi is cultivated in the hot climate area. It requires 25 to 35 degree centigrade temperature.

If we talk about the soil then sand for litchi loamy soil should be used. Soil pH 5 for good litchi yield.5 to 7.0 Must be between It should not be cultivated in waterlogged fields.

Special features of litchi cultivation

  • Its plants are transplanted in the field from July to August.

  • 100 plants are required per hectare.

  • This crop starts giving fruits in two to three years.

  • Litchi tree gives fruits for about 60 to 80 years.

preparation for cultivation

  • Remove all the weeds from the field by ploughing.

  • Make it flat by using a plough.

  • Prepare the field in such a way that water does not stagnate in it.

  • 30 days before transplanting the plants, dig a pit of 1*1*1 square feet.

  • Leave the pest and fungicide on.

Varieties of Lychee

Early unripe litchi

It is an early improved variety of Litchi. Its fruits are sweet in taste and the peel is red. The fruits start ripening after 25 to 30 April. This variety gives fruits for 20 to 25 years. The peel of this variety is soft and the pulp is white.

golden form

The fruits of this variety of litchi are medium in size and pink. The amount of sugar is found in it from 9 to 9.5 percent. Its fruits get fully ripened from 25 to 30 May. 90 to 100 kg of fruit is obtained from each of its plants.

early large red

The fruits of this variety of Litchi are of large size and red in colour. The amount of sugar in it is found up to 10 percent. This variety gets ready by ripening from 15 to 20 May. The weight of the fruit of this variety is between 20 to 25 grams.

Shahi Litchi

Litchi’s royal variety Very famous. Shahi litchi is an early improved variety. The quantity of pulp is found more in the fruit. Its fruits start ripening after 10 to 15 May. 100 to 110 kg of fruit is obtained from each plant of this variety.

China litchi

China litchi is a late improved variety. The color of the fruits is dark red and the size is medium. The quantity of pulp is found more in fruits. Each plant gives a yield of 80 to 90 kg.


As you all know, Muzaffarpur district of Bihar is at the forefront of litchi production in the country. The Muzaffarpur variety here is very special for litchi production. The fruits of this variety are oblong and pointed. The weight of the fruit ranges from 22 to 25 grams. It is also known as Late Large Red variety. The amount of sugar is found in it from 10 to 11 percent.

Cost and Earning in Litchi Cultivation

  • A fully grown plant of litchi gives a yield of 80 to 100 kg.

  • About 10 tons of production is available per hectare.

  • Litchi is sold in the market for 60 to 100 rupees per kg.

  • in terms of cost Litchi farming It costs more in the first and second year itself.

  • It costs about 1 to 2 lakhs to cultivate litchi in one hectare.

It was Litchi farming Information for. Similarly, if you want information about agriculture, mechanization, government scheme, business idea and rural development, then this Website Must read other articles and share for others to read as well.

read this also-

Leave a Comment