Cultivation of Moong: Moong It is a pulse crop. Protein, vitamins and carbohydrates are found in abundance in moong. Moong dal is widely used in the form of namkeen, dal, and halwa. Its yield is also plentiful when there is suitable temperature and climate. If you also want to make more income with less cost and less time, then Moong cultivation is the best option for you.
So come on The Rural India in this blog of Complete information about Moong cultivation Learn.
first of all Moong cultivation But let’s take a look.
A Look at Moong Cultivation
The botanical name of moong is Vigna radiata.
It is a plant of the Leguminaceae family.
Moong cultivation was first started in India.
Moong seeds contain 25% protein, 60% carbohydrate, 13% fat and vitamin C.
India ranks third in the production of moong in the world.
Suitable soil and climate for Moong cultivation
Humid and warm climate is good for moong cultivation. The ideal temperature for plant growth is 25-32 °C. Loamy and sandy soil is good for this. Whose pH value should be from 7.0 to 7.5. 75-90 cm rainfall is necessary for moong cultivation.
For Kharif crop, get plowing done once with soil turning plough. After this, plow 2-3 times with country plow or cultivator as soon as rain starts. After this, level the field by placing a bridge. To prevent termites, spray Chlorpyriphos during first or second plowing only.
summer time Moong cultivation For rabi crops plow the field immediately after harvesting. Peleva should be done after 4-5 days. After ploughing, do 2-3 plowing with native plow or cultivator and level the field by leveling it. So that proper moisture is maintained in the field. By doing this, there is good germination in the seeds.
Moong sowing time
if you zayed ie Moong ki kheti in summer If you want to do this, then sow moong from the first week to the last week of March. During Kharif, sowing of moong should be done in the last week of June and first week of July.
Improved Varieties of Moong
Tombe Jawahar Moong-3
Jawahar Moong 721
The yield is good if moong is sown in row method. Sowing indigenous plow or seed drill machine about 30 cm from Do it at a distance. The distance of plants should be kept 20 to 25 cm during summer. Keep the seed depth of 5-7 cm.
Fertilizer Management in Moong Cultivation
Spray Nitrogen and Phosphorus before sowing. Use potash in potassium deficient areas. For good yield, get the soil tested before putting any fertilizer in the field. In case of deficiency of nutrients, add suitable elements to the field.
Irrigation Management in Moong Cultivation
in rainy season moong crop Does not require much irrigation. Irrigations are required depending on the moisture in the soil. First irrigation should be done before flowering and second irrigation should be done at the time of pod formation. A gap of 10 to 15 days should be kept between irrigation in spring. It should be kept in mind that light irrigation should be done and water should not stagnate in the field.
weed from soil Nutrients are drawn out, which reduces the yield. If the weeds are not removed from the field, then the production of the crop is badly affected. If there are more broad leaf weeds like Bathua, Senji, Krishnaneel, Satpati in the field, then spray Stamp-30 (Pandimethelin).
moong crop Mainly there is an outbreak of pod beetle, green hopper, aphid, and blanket insect. Spraying of quinalphos or monocrotophos should be done to control leaf eating insects. Apart from this, Dimethoate or Imidacloprid 17.8 S.L. Spray.
Diseases in Moong cultivation
alternaria blight disease
In this form, first small brown spots appear on the leaves of moong. Later these spots become bigger. And appear dark brown in color. The infected part of the leaf starts falling on the withers. For its diagnosis, spray Ferum and Zeenab in the field.
In this disease both the leaves and stem of the plant are infected. In this disease brown spots appear with redness. affect the growth of plants. To cure this disease, pluck the infected plants and throw them away and spray them with Vavistin and Captan at the time of sowing.
bacterial leaf spot disease
In this disease, dry brown spots appear on the leaves. Gradually its infection gets on the entire leaves. This affects the growth of the plant as well as the pods.
To prevent this disease, keep the seeds immersed in 550 ppm spectrocycle solution for 30 minutes even before sowing. Apart from this, spraying of copper oxy chloride can also be done.
cercospora leaf spot disease
In this disease the leaves shrivel and dry up. Whose head is also seen on the warp in a few days. To prevent this disease, spray Cabendazim about 30 to 45 days after sowing.
In this disease, the leaves turn upwards from the middle end. And the lower leaves turn inwards. Symptoms appear a few weeks after sowing. To prevent this disease, make a solution by mixing both acephate and dye dimethot and spray.
Leaves turn yellow in this disease. To prevent this, spray Imidacloprid.
In this disease, near the root of the plant, you will see a powdery drop. Then it will be understood that this plant is infected. For its diagnosis, sprinkle sulfur in suitable quantity.
Storage Method of Moong
Store urad mixed with insecticide. But do storage only when you need it, otherwise keep enough pulses as you need and take money by selling pulses, in which you will get more benefit.
Moong harvesting and threshing
moong crop Ripens in about 65-70 days. If the beans turn light brown or black after ripening, then it will be understood that the beans are ready to be cut. Do harvesting in 2-3 times. Later cut the crop along with the plants. Dry the plant thoroughly after cutting. After drying, threshing can be done by beating it with sticks or by running the bullocks. Use thresher for threshing.
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