How to do sugarcane farming? Learn here sugarcane farming in hindi –

sugarcane farming in hindi: Who doesn’t like sweet. There are many things used in our daily needs like sugar, jaggery, rab, mishri etc. which are manufactured by Sugarcane It happens from Although there are many other crops to get sweetness, such as palm, Beetroot And honey But mainly sugarcane is used. Sugarcane is a major commercial crop. It is also called cash crop. Sugarcane farming is being done in our country since ancient times.

India ranks second in the world in sugar production after Brazil. sugarcane farming It has provided direct or indirect employment to lakhs of people. Even adverse conditions do not affect the sugarcane crop much. Due to these special reasons, sugarcane farming is considered safe and profitable farming in itself.

So come on The Rural India in this article of Sugarcane Farming Know in detail.

In this article you will learn

  • Climate required for sugarcane cultivation

  • soil useful for farming

  • right time for sugarcane cultivation

  • How to prepare for farming

  • improved varieties of sugarcane

  • Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

  • How to manage diseases and pests.

  • Cost and Earnings in Sugarcane Cultivation

Climate required for sugarcane cultivation

Sugarcane is a plant of humid climate. It is widely cultivated in the Terai region. Its plant develops easily even in adverse conditions. Sugarcane plant needs more irrigation. At the time of sugarcane cultivation, a temperature of 21-25 degree centigrade is required along with moist soil. Normally the temperature should be 30 to 35 degree during its budding and growth.

soil suitable for sugarcane cultivation

sugarcane farming Fertile loam and black soil are most suitable for this. This is the reason that it is cultivated the most in Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. Apart from this, yellow soil and sandy soil are also beneficial for sugarcane.

Sugarcane should not be cultivated on alkaline and acidic soil and on the land where there is accumulation of water. Soil with pH value of 5 to 8.5 is most suitable for its cultivation.

right time for sugarcane cultivation

Generally, autumn or spring sugarcane crop is sown in the country. October-November is the best time to get high yield of sugarcane. While in North India, sugarcane is sown in the spring, February-March.

The best time for planting sugarcane in Punjab and Haryana is March and February-March in Uttar Pradesh and January-February in Bihar. Sugarcane requires a temperature of 25 to 32 degree centigrade for good germination. In North India, this temperature is easily found in the months of October and February March.

How to prepare for farming

Sugarcane is a perennial crop, for this do deep plowing of the field. After this, prepare the field by mixing cow dung or compost manure and running the rotavator and footer. The soil should be friable for planting sugarcane tubers, due to which the roots of sugarcane go deep. And the plant will get the necessary nutrients. Sugarcane should be healthy for planting. If only the upper part of sugarcane is used for seed, it germinates more. Three-eyed pieces of sugarcane should be cut. Tubers should be treated before planting.

improved varieties of sugarcane

There are several major varieties of sugarcane in India. For improved varieties, you can contact the Sugarcane Research Center, Lucknow. Apart from this, you will get the advanced varieties of sugarcane from the district. Krishi Vigyan Kendra And will be found in any agricultural universities.

Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

sugarcane crop requires more water. It is essential to have sufficient moisture in the soil at the time of crop formation, tillering and growth. The field should be divided into small beds. Due to the longer duration of ripening of the crop, the requirement of manure and fertilizers is also more. Therefore, generally 10-15 tonnes of cow dung manure should be mixed in the field before sowing. Apart from this, 250-300 kg nitrogen, 80-90 kg phosphorus and 50-60 kg potash should be used per hectare. Apply full dose of Phosphor and Potash at the time of sowing.

  • Divide the total amount of Nitrogen into three equal parts and use it at 30 days, 90 days and 120 days respectively after sowing.

  • Nitrogen utilization increases when mixed with neem khali powder along with nitrogenous fertilizers. Along with this, protection is also provided from termites.

  • In case of zinc deficiency, add 25 kg zinc sulphate per hectare along with sowing.

How to manage diseases and pests in sugarcane crop

The main diseases of sugarcane are red rot, Kudua disease and wilt. Manage it effectively. To control the effect of red rot pathogens, sugarcane sets can be treated with thiophanate methyl binder at 0.2% concentration. To avoid Kandua disease, dip sugarcane cassettes in 0.1% concentration of fungicide and treat with steam at 50 degree centigrade for 2 hours.

To avoid diseases in the sugarcane crop, choose healthy tubers at the time of sowing. The possibility of diseases in sugarcane farming (ganne ki kheti) is greatly reduced by treating the tubers.

Cost and Earnings in Sugarcane Cultivation

About 350 quintals are produced in one acre of sugarcane field. In which the cost of about 30 thousand rupees is incurred and there is an income of one lakh rupees. Due to this, the farmer gets a profit of about 70 thousand. Let us tell you, in comparison to other crops, sugarcane farming earns up to three times.

the traditional way sugarcane farming Used to be done but now it is cultivated in a new way. Due to which sugarcane farmers get good profit at low cost.

it was sugarcane farming The matter of but, The Rural India But you will also find many important information on issues like agribusiness, mechanization, government planning and rural development. blogs Will meet, by reading which you can increase your knowledge.

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