How to do water chestnut farming. Farming of Singhara –

Singhara farming: Nowadays people’s interest in farming is increasing again. People are insisting on doing such farming in which they can get maximum profit, one such crop is, Water Chestnut

Yes! roadside in winter Water chestnut So almost everyone must have eaten. Many nutrients are present in water chestnut. The flour made from this is widely used in fasting and festivals. but do you know that water chestnut farming How does it happen and how beneficial can it be for you?

in the current era Water chestnut farming It is a major source of good income, that is why it is called cash crop. If farmers cultivate water chestnut in a scientific way, then they can get more production and profits from it.

So come on The Rural India in this article of Water chestnut farming Know in detail.

In this article you will learn

  • Necessary climate for water chestnut

  • soil useful for farming

  • Right time for water chestnut cultivation

  • How to prepare for farming

  • Improved varieties of water chestnut

  • Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

  • How to manage diseases and pests.

  • Water chestnut farming cost and earning

Singhara ki Kheti: Water chestnut farming

Water chestnut is a cash crop. It is an aquatic plant whose root lives inside the water. It is used in vegetable, fruit or soup in any way. Apart from this, it works as a medicine in many types of diseases.

Necessary climate for water chestnut

Water Chestnut It is a crop of tropical climate. It is widely cultivated in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc.

It is very important for its cultivation that there should be 1 to 2 feet of water filling because this cultivation can be done only in the area with stagnant water.

soil useful for farming

Being an aquatic plant, the soil does not play such an important role for its cultivation, but it has been found that when the soil of water bodies is more friable than normal, water chestnut gives better yield.

Along with all this, the amount of humus in the fields should be good. Loam or sandy loam soil having pH value of 6.0 to 7.5 is more suitable for water chestnut production.

Water chestnut sowing time

Water is required for this crop, so monsoon is considered to be the best time for this. With the onset of monsoon rains, the sowing of chestnut begins. Water chestnut is sown in June-July. Water chestnut is usually sown in small ponds and puddles, but in soil fields pits are made and plants are planted by filling them with water. 6 months from June to December water chestnut crop Great profits can be made from it.

Preparation of cultivation for water chestnut

While preparing nursery for this crop, keep in mind that you should prepare nursery in the month of January-February. If you are preparing saplings from seeds, then sow the seeds in the month of January-February and when the saplings are fit for planting, then in the month of May-June one meter long vine should be plucked and planted in the pond.

If you are worried about where to get the seeds, you can go to the Horticulture Department or your State Seeds Corporation can contact. but if you already Water chestnut farming Healthy ripe fruits of the second harvest can be used as seed for the next crop.

Here you have to note that you have to keep them soaked in water till January and put them in the tank or pond before germination i.e. by the first week of February. You can plant in the month of June or July when the vines start coming out of fruits in March.

Irrigation and Fertilizer Management

You need a lot of water in this crop. But the need for fertilizers is less. For this you need the following types of fertilizers. Before planting, add 8 to 10 tonnes of farm yard manure per hectare. Use 40 kg Nitrogen and 60 kg Phosphorus per hectare. Apply 40 kg potash per hectare. Use one-third of these three before planting and apply the remaining nitrogen at one-month intervals.

Improved varieties of water chestnut

Two types of water chestnut are found

red skinned

The most advanced varieties of this variety are VRWC1 and VRWC 2. The red-skinned variety is grown very rarely because it starts turning black within a few days and does not fetch a good price in the market.

green rind

This variety is very popular commercially. Its most advanced version is VRWC 3. It remains fresh for a long time and is widely sold in the market.

Among the existing varieties, early ripening species are Harira Gathua, Lal Gathua, Katila, Lal Chikni Gulari, and they are harvested in 120 to 130 days. On the other hand, in late maturing varieties – Kariya Harira, Gulra Harira, Gapacha, the first harvest takes place in 150 to 160 days.

Apart from this, one more thing that is important to keep in mind is that instead of thorned water chestnut varieties, use thornless water chestnut varieties because these varieties give more production and the size of their balls is also bigger than other varieties, due to which Harvesting becomes easy.

Disease and pest management in water chestnut farming

Water chestnut farming is mostly threatened by water chestnut beetle, blue beetle, aphid, weevil and red date palm, which reduce the crop by 25%-40%.

Apart from this, there is a risk of lohia and dahiya disease. To avoid this, we should use insecticide in time.

Water chestnut farming cost and earning

If you understand in simple words, then you can understand the cost and earning in this way.

  • Green fruits – 80 to 100 quintals / hectare.
  • Dry Goti – 18 to 20 quintals / hectare.
  • Total cost – around Rs.50000/ hectare.

In this way, we see that net profit of 1 lakh per hectare is made after taking out the cost from the total income. You can sell green water chestnuts immediately in the market, as well as if you want, you can sell it after drying it.

Benefits of eating water chestnut

  • Water chestnut is very beneficial for asthma patients.

  • Water chestnut is also effective in getting rid of difficult problems like piles.

  • Cracked heels also get cured by eating water chestnut. Apart from this, if there is pain or swelling at any place in the body, making a paste and applying it is very beneficial.

  • Calcium is also found in plenty in it. Eating this keeps both bones and teeth strong. Also it is beneficial for the eyes.

  • Eating water chestnut during pregnancy keeps both mother and child healthy. This also reduces the risk of miscarriage. Apart from this, eating water chestnut also cures the problems of periods.

It was Water Chestnut Farming All related information. but, The Rural India But you also get many important information on issues like mechanization, government planning and rural development. blogs Will meet, by reading which you can increase your knowledge and also inspire others to read them.

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