Learn here how to cultivate guava. guava farming – mssewb.org

guava farming, in our country Guava(Guava) is a very popular fruit.poor man’s apple It is called It is delicious as well as very beneficial for health. Many mineral elements including vitamins, iron, lime, phosphorus are found in it. The amount of Vitamin C in it is very high. Other than this cultivation of guava (guava farming, It also gives more profit to the farmers in less cost.

Guava Cultivation India ranks fourth in the world in The climate of our country is quite suitable for guava.

so come to this blog In of guava Farming Know about in detail.

Necessary climate for guava cultivation

Hot and dry climate is considered favorable for guava cultivation. 15 to 30 centigrade temperature is right for its good yield. Guava tree tolerates dry climate easily. Guava plant can be prepared very easily and it is not affected much by the ups and downs of the climate.

Suitable soil for guava gardening

By the way, guava gardening can be done in all types of soil. However, Bulai Domat soil is considered ideal for its better yield. pH value of soil for its good yield 6 to 7.5 Should be Guava horticulture should not be done in the soil whose pH value is more than 7.5. By cultivating it in such soil, there is a possibility of outbreak of other diseases including uktha.

Best time for guava plantation

Guava plant should be planted in the rains in the months of July and August. If there is proper arrangement of irrigation, guava plants can be planted even in February-March.

How to prepare for guava cultivation

Before planting guava, do deep plowing of the field during summer. Prepare guava nursery in the month of June itself. Excavate the pit and leave it open during the summer, so that the insects and moths of the pit die. After a few days, put vermicompost, neem cake in it and fill the pit.

How to do guava gardening

Improved varieties of Guava

It is very important to choose improved varieties for guava horticulture. The varieties of guava should always be selected keeping in mind the climate, soil and market.

Let us tell you, among the advanced varieties of guava, Lalit, Shweta, Allahabadi Safeda, Arka Mridula, Arka Amulya, Arka Kiran are prominent.

Lalit: It is a red colored variety of apple. Its pulp is of red colour. This species produces about 100 kg per plant.

White: This variety has been developed by the Central Institute of Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow. Its fruits are round, white and light yellow in color. This species produces about 90 kg per plant.

Allahabad Safeda: The size of the fruit of this variety is medium, round, shiny and sweet. The special thing about this species is that it can be stored for many days.

Lucknow- 49 (Sardar): The fruit of this species is medium, round, rough surface and yellow in colour. Outbreak of wilt disease is relatively less in this. The yield from this variety ranges from 50 to 60 kg per plant.

Planting of Guava Plants

Although guava can be planted in many ways, but it is considered best to prepare and plant guava plant by pen method. Because the plants planted by cutting method bear fruits quickly while the plants planted by seeds take more time to bear fruit.

These plants are planted in pits of 60 cm length, 60 cm width and 60 cm depth. Prepare these pits 10 to 15 days before transplanting and leave them open. This reduces the chances of soil borne diseases. Before planting the plants, add 10 to 15 kg of cow dung, 500 grams of single super phosphate, 250 grams of potash and 100 grams of methyl parathion powder in these pits. After this fill the pits with soil and irrigate them. 500 to 5000 plants can be planted in one hectare.

When and how to irrigate?

When the guava plant is one or two years old, irrigation should be done at regular intervals of 10 to 15 days. At the same time, this difference should be reduced in summer. Irrigate in 3 to 4 days in summer.

Fertilizer for Guava Cultivation

  • In one year old plants, apply Nitrogen 50 grams, Phosphor 30 grams and Potash 50 grams per plant.

  • When the plant is two years old, Nitrogen 100 grams, Phosphor 60 grams and Potash 100 grams should be added per plant.

  • It would be appropriate to apply Nitrogen 150 grams, Phosphor 90 grams and Potash 150 grams per plant in three year old plants.

  • When the plant is four years old, Nitrogen 200 grams, Phosphor 120 grams and Potash 200 grams should be added per plant.

  • In five year old plants, apply Nitrogen 250 grams, Phosphor 150 grams and Potash 250 grams per plant.

cutting and pruning

In the first year, guava plants should be 60 to 90 cm. Let it grow straight up to . 15 to 20 cm. In tall plants, prune and prune the top and side branches by selecting 3 to 4 branches.

Guava harvesting and yield

Guava fruits are harvested 120 to 140 days after flowering. At that time the fruits turn from green to light yellow. About 400 to 600 fruits can be taken from one plant in a year. Whose weight ranges from 125 to 150 grams.

Crop diseases and treatment

Outbreak of diseases is less in guava. The main disease in guava cultivation is the bark-eating caterpillar.

Cost and Earning in Guava Cultivation

tell you, Intensive gardening From 30 to 40 tonnes per hectare crop can be taken from guava plants for 20 years. Its cultivation gives production from 8 tonnes to 15 tonnes per hectare. There is no problem in the sale of guava in the market. The farmer can earn up to 2-3 lakhs per hectare from guava plantation.

In the end, we want to say that by doing guava farming, you can earn more profit in less cost. Just need to do its gardening in a scientific way.

Before starting guava farming, do farming with the help of experts, then you can earn better production and profits from its farming.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question- In how many years does the guava tree bear fruit?

Answer- Guava tree starts bearing fruits in 2-3 years. However, the process of fruit production also depends on the variety of guava, irrigation and fertilizer management.

Question- Which is the best guava?

Answer- There are many improved varieties of guava in India. In which Allahabadi, Lalit, Safeda, Taiwan are famous.

Question- How many guava plants will be planted in 1 acre?

Answer- 300 to 480 plants can be planted in one acre.

Question- How many guavas can a tree produce?

Answer- A healthy tree can produce guava from 1 quintal to 5 quintals.

It was Guava Farming The matter of But, The Rural India But you will also get many important information on issues like agriculture and mechanization, government schemes and rural development. blogs Will meet, by reading which you can increase your knowledge and can also share it with others to read it.

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