Mushroom cultivation | Mushroom Farming –

Mushroom farming: Known to be a good source of protein mushroom Now it has started making place in the plate of common people. Known as superfood Mushroom That the demand has increased a lot since the Corona period. Mushrooms contain more protein and nutrients than meat. The special thing is that 90 percent of it is digested. While a large part of pulses and other protein sources are not digested.

Seeing the increasing demand of mushroom in the market, now many people Mushroom cultivation Looking for ways to connect. But the question before most of the farmers is that How to cultivate mushroom (mushroom ki kheti kaise kare)? So let’s know in this article.

  • What is mushroom (Mushroom Farming in Hindi)

  • From where to get training in mushroom cultivation?

  • Climate required for mushroom cultivation

  • Compost preparation method for mushroom cultivation

  • Where to buy mushroom seed? (buy mushroom seeds)

  • Types of Mushroom

  • Cost and earning in mushroom cultivation

  • Mushroom by products demand

So let’s first know, what is mushroom?


Mushroom is a type of fungus plant, but it is seen as meat. It is made from fungus. It cannot be called a vegetarian plant. It contains the highest amount of protein and nutrients.

Where to get training in mushroom cultivation? (How to do mushroom farming training)?

Mushroom Farming Training

All agricultural universities and other training institutes like Krishi Vigyan Kendra Training programs are organized throughout the year for the farmers. Women are being encouraged more for mushroom cultivation. Under this, the state government also gives 50 percent subsidy on the cost of mushroom cultivation to the farmers of the state.

Mushroom farming

Necessary preparation and climate for mushroom cultivation

mushroom farming For this, both permanent and temporary sheds can be used. Farmers who are short of funds can use temporary sheds made of bamboo and paddy straw. The cost of making a shed of size 30 Χ22Χ12 (length Χwidth Χheight) feet from bamboo and paddy straw comes to about 30 thousand rupees. In which 12 to 16 slabs of size 4 Χ 25 feet can be prepared for growing mushrooms.

Compost preparation method for mushroom cultivation

Good quality new straw which is not wet in rain should be used for making compost. Mustard straw can also be used in place of paddy straw or wheat straw, but poultry manure must be used along with mustard straw. The proportion of all the ingredients can be increased to make more compost. In case of non-availability of fertilizer (calcium ammonium nitrate), the amount of urea can be increased proportionately. But the amount of nitrogen in fresh or raw compost should be around 1.6-1.7 percent. 500-750 grams of seed is sufficient for sowing 100 kg of compost.

Where to buy mushroom seeds

To get more yield of mushroom, the seed should be pure and of good quality. Improved variety seeds can be obtained from the following laboratories as per convenience.

  • Directorate of Mushroom Research, Solan, Himachal Pradesh

  • Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan (Himachal Pradesh)

  • Department of Plant Pathology, Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana)

  • Directorate of Horticulture, Mushroom Spawn Laboratory, Kohima

  • Agriculture Department, Manipur, Imphal,

  • Science Society, Udaipur (Rajasthan)

  • Regional Research Laboratory, CSIR, Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir),

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh)

Apart from these government centres, many private individuals are also involved in mushroom seed production which are located at places like Solan, Hisar, Sonipat, Kurukshetra (Haryana), Delhi, Patna (Bihar), Mumbai (Maharashtra) etc. You can also take mushroom seeds from this successful farmers.

Types of Mushroom

Mushroom is also known as Kukurmutta in many states of the country. It is a kind of fungal cube. Three species of mushroom are prevalent in India, which are used for food.

Dhingri Mushroom

The winter season is considered suitable for the cultivation of this type of mushroom. It can be grown in any region of India during the winter season, but the coastal areas are considered more suitable for its cultivation during the winter season. Because in such places 80% amount of moisture is found in the air. This variety of mushroom takes 45 to 60 days to get ready.

milky mushroom

This species of milky mushroom is grown only in the plains. At the time of germination of seeds of this variety of mushroom, temperature of 25 to 30 degree is considered suitable. Apart from this, at the time of fruiting of mushroom, 30 to 35 temperature is required at the same time. For this type of crop to be ready, there should be 80 percent moisture in the air.

button mushroom

This variety of mushroom is most commonly used in food. Initially 20 to 22 degree temperature is required for the white button mushroom crop to be ready. During mushroom fruiting, they require 14 to 18 degree temperature. Its cultivation is mostly done in the winter season, as its cube requires 80 to 85% air humidity. Its cubes appear white in color, which are hemispherical in the beginning.

Cost and earning in mushroom cultivation

How to do mushroom farming The business of is very profitable. In this, there can be a benefit of up to 10 times the cost (Profit in mushroom farming). Means the business started by investing Rs 1 lakh can earn up to Rs 10 lakh. The demand for mushroom has also increased in the last few years. In such a situation, the business of mushroom cultivation can be very beneficial.

Mushroom by products demand

Along with mushroom cultivation, profits can also be earned by making its by-products. (mushroom by products demand) In addition to packing fresh mushrooms and delivering them to the market, farmers also produce mushroom papad, gym supplement powder, pickles, biscuits, toast, cookies, noodles, jams, sauces, soups, kheer, bread, chips, sev, Chakli etc. can also be made and sold in the market. It has always been observed that more money can be earned by selling processed products in the market.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Question- When and how is mushroom cultivation done?

Answer- Mushroom cultivation requires a temperature ranging from 22 degree to 25 degree centigrade. It is cultivated in span i.e. grass or straw.

Question- In how many days the mushroom is ready?

Answer- Mushroom is ready for harvesting in 40 to 50 days.

Question- How much does it cost to cultivate mushroom?

Answer- Mushroom cultivation depends on the size of the beds. Up to 10 thousand rupees are spent for farming in a room of 10 by 10 feet.

Question- Where to get mushroom seeds?

Answer- You can buy mushroom seeds from Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Agriculture Department, Agricultural Universities or any private seller.

If you liked this blog, then share it with your friends. So that other farmer friends can also take advantage of this information. Mushroom cultivation can do successfully.

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