Sugar beet cultivation | beetroot farming in hindi –

beetroot farming in hindi: Beetroot is a root vegetable rich in nutrition. Calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin C folic acid, fiber, manganese and potassium are found in plenty in it. beetroot Along with reducing blood pressure and weight, it helps in running the digestive system smoothly.

beetroot Antioxidants present in it are useful in fatal diseases like cancer. It is also beneficial in diseases of heart disease, anemia etc. This is the reason that due to so many qualities of beetroot, its demand remains in the market throughout the year. by which the farmer Beet Farming You can earn well by doing this.

If you also want to make more profit in less time then harvest beetroot (beetroot farming) is the best option for you.

So come on The Rural India Learn in this article of- When and how to cultivate sugar beet?

Soil and climate suitable for sugar beet cultivation

Beet Farming Flat and fertile sandy loam soil is best for this. Apart from this, it can also be successfully cultivated in loamy soil. But the pH level of the soil should be between 6 to 7.

The cool climate is considered best for beetroot cultivation. However, it can also be cultivated in summer season or polyhouse. Due to high temperature, the amount of sugar in the roots increases due to which the development of tuber is not done properly.

Prepare the field like this

  • While preparing the field, do deep plowing first.

  • After this do light ploughing, 2 to 3 times and apply slats.

  • Mix 4 tons of farm yard manure per acre while preparing the field for good crop.

  • Along with this add 50 kg Urea, 70 kg DAP and 40 kg MOP per acre of field.

  • Make the soil of the field flat and friable by applying footing.

  • Prepare beds at a distance of 30-40 cm in the field for sowing the seeds.

Seed rate and distance between plants

  • 5-6 kg of seed is required per acre of field.

  • There should be a distance of about 15 to 20 cm between plant to plant.

  • Sow the seeds at a depth of 2 to 3 cm.

  • Soak the seeds in water for 12 hours before sowing. This makes germination easy.

irrigation and weed control

  • sugar beet crop Does not require much irrigation.

  • Generally, first irrigation is given 15 days after sowing and second irrigation is given after 20 days of sowing.

  • After this irrigation should be done at an interval of 20 to 25 days.

  • While irrigating, keep in mind that there should be no water logging in the field.

  • To control weeds, do weeding after 25 to 30 days.

sugar beet digging

  • It takes 3 to 4 months to get ready for the crop.

  • The leaves start drying up at the time of harvest.

  • Stop irrigation about 15 days before digging.

Improved varieties of sugar beet

early wonder

This variety of beetroot is flat and smooth. Its leaves are green and roots are red. It takes 55 to 60 days to get ready for the crop.

crimson globe

It is one of the high yielding varieties. This variety of beetroot is flat and dark red in colour. The color of its pulp is also red.

Detroit Dark Red

Beetroot of this variety of beetroot is dark red in colour. The shape of the fruits is round and smooth. The leaves of the plants are green in color and long. Farmers can get more production by cultivating this variety of sugar beet.

Alloy Crosby

The color of the fruits of this variety of beetroot is deep red to purple. Beetroot is flat and its surface is smooth. This variety takes 55 to 60 days to get ready.

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