Farming of Jimikand, Even today farmers in India are cultivating traditional crops, due to which there is no increase in their income. While there are many such crops by cultivating which farmers can double their income. One of these crops is Farming of Jimikand (Suran)
Jimikand (Suran) is known by many names in India. In some areas this Suran And oil They also say Till now Jimikand (Suran) cultivation has been done only individually. But today there are many farmers of the country who are earning lakhs of rupees by cultivating it.
so come today The Rural India in this article of How to do Jimikand (Suran) cultivation? Learn.
A look at Jimikand (Suran) cultivation
Jimikand(ol) Jimikand ki kheti is cultivated as a medicinal crop. It is cultivated in many states of India including Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh. Many elements including carbohydrates, minerals, calcium, phosphorus are found in abundance in Jimikand (Suran). It is widely used in diseases like piles, dysentery, asthma, inflammation of the lungs, nausea and abdominal pain.
Suitable climate for cultivation of Jimikand (suran ki kheti)
Jimikand (Suran) is a plant of warm climate. The temperature of 20 to 35 degree centigrade is quite suitable for its cultivation. Let us tell you, at the time of sowing, seeds require high temperature for germination. This is the reason that it is sown in the month of April to May, while it is necessary to have good rains during the growth of plants.
How to choose the soil for the cultivation of Jimikand
Till now farmers in traditional farming Olive cultivation It is grown on land of less importance, but for high production it is best cultivated in sandy loam soil. It should not be cultivated in waterlogged fields. The soil having pH value of 5.5 to 7.2 is most suitable for its cultivation.
Improved varieties of Jimikand (Suran)
There are many improved varieties of Jimikand (Ol). Which are designed on the basis of their quality, yield and growing season. Like- Gajendra, M-15, Santragachi, Kovvayur etc. Which variety do you want to choose? You can decide its choice based on your region and climate.
Suitable time for oal cultivation and field preparation
In this way, Jimikand (Suran) is cultivated before and after the rainy season in India. But the month of April-May-June is most suitable.
You can plant it in the month of March if there is arrangement for irrigation.
If you want to get good yield of Jimikand (Suran), then prepare the field well before planting Jimikand (Suran) seeds in the field.
For this, plow the field well and leave it open for a few days, so that the soil of the field can get sunlight.
After this, put old cow dung manure per hectare in the field and plow again well and mix the cow dung in the soil.
After this, Potash 50 KG, Urea 40 KG and DAP 150 KG at the time of last plowing in the field. After mixing the quantity of fertilizer well, sprinkle it in the field and plow again 2-3 times, so that the fertilizer mixes well in the soil.
After this, make the drains ready for planting the seeds.
Make sure to treat Jimikand (Suran) seeds well before planting them in the field.
Plant the seeds of Jimikand (Ol) in the prepared grooves.
While selecting tubers (seeds), select large tubers whose weight is not less than 200 grams.
Irrigation of Suran plants
Cultivation of Jimikand (Suran) After transplanting, more irrigation is required. Irrigation is not required in rainy season. In the winter season, its plants require irrigation for 15-20 days.
Fertilizer Management & Weed Control
Jimikand(Suran) There are not many weeds in K’s field. But by removing grass and weeds from the field, there is no possibility of disease. After the seeds germinate, hoe the plants and apply light soil on the roots of the plants.
It is very important to use manure and fertilizers for good yield of Jimikand (Ol). For this, use 10-15 quintals of well decomposed cow dung, urea, phosphorus and potash in the ratio of 80:60:80 kg per hectare. Apart from this, before sowing, mix the rotten manure of cow dung in the field at the time of plowing.
Things to be kept in mind while cultivating Jimikand (Suran)
After sowing, cover the tubers with straw or leaves.
It works very well for mulching.
The germination of Suran is quick by mulching, moisture remains in the field.
With the reduction of weeds, good yield is obtained.
If the amount of moisture in the field is less, then do one or two light irrigations.
Do not allow water to stagnate near the plants during the rainy season.
To earn more, you can take intercrops like okra, moong, maize, cucumber, pumpkin etc.
Earning and production in cultivation of Jimikand (Suran)
There is immense potential in the cultivation of Jimikand (Ol). Being a medicinal crop, it is in high demand in the market. Its price is available in the market from Rs.30 to Rs.50. Talking about the yield, 70 to 80 tonnes is produced per hectare, which is 10 times more than other crops. There is no problem in its storage. You can store it in the farm or at home. You can easily sell it when you get the market price.
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