What is crop? Know the types of crops. classification of crops in hindi – mssewb.org

So let’s first know that What are crops (what is crops)?

Definition of crop

group of plants cultivated by man for some form of use Crops it is said.

In other words the plants which occupy an important place in the economy are called crop it is said.

  • We get food, cloth, fuel, medicine, wood, spices, etc. from crops. Crops provide food and shelter to animals and birds.
  • Raw materials for many industries are obtained from crops.
  • For example, sugarcane for sugar, cotton for cloth, leaves for tea, etc.

now types of crops know in detail.

tell you, Classification of Crops we Can be classified on the basis of crop cycle, season, life cycle, climate and their use.

Classification of crops on the basis of seasons

Climate has an important influence on the distribution of crops, the germination, growth and ripening of crops depends on the specific temperature, humidity of the atmosphere, wind speed, rainfall and time of day.

On the basis of seasons the crops are divided into 3 classes in our country.

Kharif Crops

kharif In the season, more temperature and humidity are found in the atmosphere. Kharif crops are sown in June-July and harvested in September-October. Kharif crops in India are grown during the monsoon. Paddy, maize, bajra, groundnut, urad, jute are the major Kharif crops.

Rabi Crops

rabi The crops require relatively low temperature at the time of sowing and high temperature and dry weather at the time of ripening. Rabi crops in India are grown during the cold season. Wheat, barley, gram, peas, mustard etc. are the main crops in rabi crops.

Jayad Crops

zayed The crops have the ability to tolerate strong wind and sunlight. Zaid cultivation in India is grown during summer. Cucumber, melon, okra, cowpea and other vegetables are the main crops in Zayed.

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Classification of crops on the basis of life cycle

Crops take time for their complete growth and development, on the basis of which crops can be divided into 3 classes.

1. Annual Crops

The crops of this class complete their life cycle in a year or less. During this period, the crop is fully ripened and prepared. Let us tell you, most of the crops (about 90 percent) come in this category.

Such as paddy, wheat, jowar, bajra, moong, gram, lentils, mustard spinach etc.

2. Biennials Crops

The crops of this class do their vegetative growth in the first year. In the second year the plants start flowering and fruiting. Thus they complete their life cycle in 2 years.

Like- Beet, Onion (for seed production)

3. Perennials

The crops of this class take their life cycle for 2 years or more. These crops live for many years, as well as their life cycle continues even after the formation of flowers, fruits and seeds, similar to one-year, two-year crops.

like- Napier grass, Rizka etc.

Classification on the basis of economic importance

The crops of this class can be divided on the basis of their use in the following ways.

1. Cereal crops

The grains of this class of crops are used for food in the form of grains. Their other vegetative parts are used to feed animals.

Apart from paddy, wheat, barley, maize, jowar, bajra and some small millets like Sawa, Kodo, Cheena, Kakun, Madua and Kutki are crops in this class.

2. Pulses Crops

These crops are considered the main source of protein. Pulses are such crops, in which maximum protein is found. They are used as pulses.

Arhar, gram, moong, urad, lentils, peas etc. crops come in this category.

3. Oilseed Crops

Those crops come in this category from whose seeds oil is extracted. From these crops, cake is also obtained for animals.

For example- Sesame, Mustard, Soybean, Sunflower, Castor, Groundnut, Mustard etc.

4. Fiber Crops

Those crops come in this category which are used to make cloth, rope, gunny bags and gunny bags. These are usually non-edible crops.

Like- jute, flax, jute, cotton etc.

5. Forage Crops

Only fodder is obtained from the crops under this. They are used as green and dry fodder.

In this category crops like millet, kulthi, guar, maize, berseem, napier grass, barley, oats, cowpea, guinea grass etc. come.

6. Sugar Crops

A lot of sugar is found in the stems and roots of these crops. From which sugar is prepared.

Sugarcane and sugar beet are the main crops of this class.

7. Vegetable Crops

The crops of this class are used as vegetables. The seeds, leaves, roots and stems of these crops are used as vegetables.

For example- Okra, Onion, Brinjal, Radish, Nanua, Parwal, Tinda, Fenugreek, Spinach etc.

8. Condiment Crops

These crops are used for flavor and aroma in spices, vegetables, pickles and in some special dishes.

Cumin, coriander, fennel, cardamom, turmeric, ginger, fenugreek, chilli, garlic, onion and bay leaf etc come under this.

9. Medicinal Crops

These crops are used as medicine or in making medicine.

Like- Tulsi, Mentha, Giloy, Ashwagandha, Cowpea etc.

10. Horticulture and Fruit Crops

The crops of this class are developed in the form of gardens etc. They are used in the form of fruits. That is why they are called fruit crops.

like- Mango, Guava, Jamun, Apple, Pear, Papaya, Banana seasonal, Grapes, Ber etc.

it was types of cropsClassification of Crops information of. but, The Rural India But you will also find many important blogs on issues like agriculture, mechanization, government planning and rural development, by reading which you can increase your knowledge and share this article with others.

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